Slide di introduzione su docker. Scritte in markdown per reveraljs. Argomenti trattati: Introduzione, cosa è, caratteristiche, pregi, confronto con le macchine virtuali, container, immagini, esempi con Dockerfile e docker-compose.
Slide in Markdown
Di seguito il file .md della presentazione.
# docker ###An uncompleted introduction to docker ![text](md/image/homepage-docker-logo.png) ####firstname.lastname@example.org --- ## What is? Docker is a platform for developers and sysadmins to develop, ship, and run applications. --- ## Why it was born? To resolve a necessity Mobility workload in cloud systems! --- ### Cargo transport pre-1960 ![text](md/image/cargo-transport-pre-1960.png) --- ### Solution: Intermodal Shipping Container ![text](md/image/standard_container.jpg) --- ### Docker is a Container System for Code ![text](md/image/container.png) Docker leverages LXC (Linux Containers), which encompasses Linux features like cgroups and namespaces for strong process isolation and resource control. They are lightweight and consume less resources than a virtual machine. --- ## Benefits for developers - portability, build once... run anywhere - no worries about missing dependencies, packages and other pain points during subsequent deployments - tracking changes - run each app in its own isolated container, so you can run various versions of libraries and other dependencies for each app without worrying - reduce/eliminate concerns about compatibility on different platforms, either your own or your customers --- ## Benefits for sysadmins - portability, configure once... run anywhere - tracking changes - simple to understand what application do - simplify to upgrade application processes. Significantly improves the speed and reliability of continuous deployment and continuous integration systems - eliminate inconsistencies between different enviroments (develop, testing, production) - re-use other people images - do you not need an hypervisor. Because the containers are so lightweight, address significant performance, costs, deployment, and portability issues normally associated with VMs --- ## Docker Concepts and Interactions - **Host**, the machine that is running the containers. - **Image**, a hierarchy of files, with meta-data for how to run a container. - **Container**, a contained running process, started from an image. - **Registry**, a repository of images. - **Volume**, storage outside the container. - **Dockerfile**, a script for creating images. - ![text](md/image/docker-interactions.png) --- ## Separation of concerns - inside the container: * libreries * package manager * application * data * code - outside the container: * logging * remote access * network configuration * monitoring --- ## Difference between docker and virtual machine ![text](md/image/VM-Diagram.png) --- ## Dockerizing Applications ``` $ docker run busybox /bin/echo 'Hello world' ``` ``` $ docker run -t -i ubuntu:14.04 bash ``` --- ## Containers ``` $ docker create # creates a container but does not start it. $ docker run # creates and starts a container. $ docker stop # stops it. $ docker start # will start it again. $ docker restart # restarts a container. $ docker rm # deletes a container. $ docker kill # sends a SIGKILL to a container. $ docker attach # will connect to a running container. $ docker wait # blocks until container stops. $ docker exec # executes a command in a running container. ``` inspecting containers ``` $ docker ps # shows running containers. $ docker inspect # information on a container (incl. IP address). $ docker logs # gets logs from container. $ docker events # gets events from container. $ docker port # shows public facing port of container. $ docker top # shows running processes in container. $ docker diff # shows changed files in container's FS. $ docker stats # shows metrics, memory, cpu, filsystem ``` --- ## Images ### like template for VMs Docker leverages a copy-on-write fs. This allows Docker to instantiate containers very quickly. Docker use to layering one container on top of another. For example, you might create a container that is based on a base Debian image, and then in turn create another container that is based on the first container. - ## Images ![text](md/image/docker-filesystems-debian.png) - ## Images ![text](md/image/docker-filesystems-debianrw.png) - ## Images ![text](md/image/docker-filesystems-multilayer.png) - ## Commands for interacting with images ``` $ docker images # shows all images. $ docker import # creates an image from a tarball. $ docker build # creates image from Dockerfile. $ docker commit # creates image from a container. $ docker rmi # removes an image. $ docker history # list changes of an image. ``` --- ## Dockerfile ``` FROM debian:7.8 MAINTAINER Piuma "email@example.com" RUN apt-get update && apt-get -y install apache2 EXPOSE 80 CMD ["/usr/sbin/apache2ctl", "-D", "FOREGROUND"] ``` ``` $ docker build -t apache-example . ``` --- ## docker-compose Compose is a tool for defining and running complex applications with Docker. With Compose, you define a multi-container application in a single file, then spin your application up in a single command which does everything that needs to be done to get it running. - ## docker-compose ###Using Compose is basically a three-step process: - **First**, you define your app's environment with a Dockerfile - **Next**, you define the services that make up your app in docker-compose.yml so they can be run together in an isolated environment. - **Lastly**, run docker-compose up and Compose will start and run your entire app. - ## docker-compose docker-compose.yml ``` web: build: . command: python app.py ports: - "5000:5000" volumes: - .:/code links: - redis redis: image: redis ``` ``` $ docker-compose up -d ``` --- ## docker-compose example ``` web1: image: piuma/phpsysinfo ports: - "80:80" ``` - ## docker-compose example ``` web1: image: piuma/phpsysinfo web2: image: piuma/phpsysinfo proxy: image: tutum/haproxy links: - web1 - web2 ports: - "80:80" ``` - ## docker-compose example ``` web1: image: piuma/phpsysinfo web2: image: piuma/phpsysinfo web3: image: piuma/phpsysinfo proxy: image: tutum/haproxy links: - web1 - web2 - web3 ports: - "80:80" ``` - ## docker-compose example ``` phpmyadmin: image: nazarpc/phpmyadmin links: - mysql ports: - "8080:80" mysql: image: mysql environment: - MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=secret ``` --- ## What next? From here, the logical step would be to scale our architecture by creating a **Docker Swarm** cluster. ![text](md/image/SWARM.png) --- ## Even this presentation runs in a docker container ``` docker run -d -p 8000:8000 \ -v ~/documents/docker:/revealjs/md amouat/revealjs ``` - ```bash docker run --rm mribeiro/cowsay "Any questions?" ________________ < Any questions? > ---------------- \ ^___^ \ (ooo)\_______ (___)\ )\/\ ||----w | || || ``` --- ## Exercises 1. Building images with *Dockerfiles* 1. Using *Supervisor* with Docker
*Supervisor* is a ``process management tool`` to manage multiple processes in our container
1. Automated Builds on Docker Hub
Automatically create images from a GitHub or Bitbucket repository containing a Dockerfile.
1. Use *docker-compose* to benchmark a web server with ab 1. Set up docker *Swarm nodes*
Docker Swarm is native clustering for Docker.
1. Setup Docker Registry 2.0
Docker Registry stores and distributes images centrally.